Ticket to Ride

By Cara Pallone


Have time, will travel. That was the theme Wednesday at Telluride Regional Airport, where 16 lucky people got a free round-trip ride to Denver aboard a Dornier 328 jet.

The promotion was to hype the new first-ever daily commercial jet service into TEX. Last week, Colorado Flights Alliance invited members of the public to pack their bags and be at the Telluride Regional Airport by 11:30 sharp on May 15th for the chance to be selected for a last-minute spring getaway to Denver. Ten people would be chosen to leave that very afternoon and return within a week. 

You didn’t have to tell Himay Palmer twice. When he learned almost simultaneously that they were giving away free jet rides to Denver and that Arapaho Basin Ski area was extending its season, Palmer packed a bag.

“My friend told me about it so I picked up one of the papers and it said be up here. There was only 16 of us so they took the whole bunch. I feel like a jet setter.”

While Palmer had specific plans to get in a few late-season spring skiing turns, there were those who didn’t know they’d be going on a trip at all, until they were actually going. Take friends Patrick Shehan and Marcus Smith, who went to the airport for the ribbon cutting ceremony welcoming the inaugural jet into TEX and found themselves about to board said jet.

As Palmer explained, there was room for more than 10 and so six additional passengers were invited to take the trip, even though they carried nothing but wallets and cell phones. Well, and champagne glasses, which seemed to be encouraging their spontaneity.

“We were coming to support the Telluride Tourism Board and hang out for the launch, and they said, you guys are on it if you want. So we’re going to Denver for the night.”

Colorado Flights Alliance rolled out the red runway carpet Wednesday in honor of daily commercial jet service coming to TEX. The service is through Denver Air Connection with United Airlines.

The first jet left DIA at around 11:45 a.m. and landed in Telluride less than an hour later.

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Once the jet was safely parked on the tarmac, aviation, government and tourism officials all gathered in front of the aircraft to pose for pictures, offer speeches and cut a big giant ribbon, including Colorado Flights COO Matt Skinner, describing it as a milestone in air service for the Telluride region. 

“It’s great to see a jet on the tarmac…”

But the real excitement was back in the airport, where the 16 passengers were now on their second or third glasses of champagne as they waited to board.

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As for whether any of these folks would ever buy a ticket to ride, most said yes, under the right circumstances. A one-way ticket costs about $200 and a round-trip flight will run jet setters around $400 to $450, according to a search of dates on denverairconnection.com.

Take Dan Enright, who read about the promotion in the paper and decided to use his final couple days off during the off season. He has a cousin to stay with in Denver, was planning on seeing a show and was grateful to be on the flight.

But would it be worth the cost for him to purchase a ticket in the future?

“You know, in a special occasion, perhaps...”

The Dornier travels 400 to 450 miles per hour; total air time is 40 minutes. If you needed to get to Denver in a pinch, it would certainly be the quickest option.

The Denver-air connection flights will operate year round with the exception of two seasonal breaks in spring and fall. The introduction of Denver Air Connection means there’s competition at the airport now. This is the second commercial option; Boutique Air was introduced at TEX in late August 2018 after Great Lakes airlines, which previously offered commercial service, folded.

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For more information, go to denverairconnection.com or united.com.

Gregg Deal, Artist Behind New Telluride Mural Highlights the Importance of Native Representation

By Julia Caulfield

Rise  mural by Gregg Deal

Rise mural by Gregg Deal

Telluride has a new mural on Main Street. The piece, called Rise, was created by Gregg Deal, a Native artist, and member of the Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe. Deal spoke with KOTO News about the mural and the importance of Indigenous representation in art and culture.

Julia Caulfield (JC): How did you get started as an artist? I know a lot of your work focuses on Indigenous identity and mixing that with pop culture, so I was also wondering if you can talk a little bit about where the inspiration for your work comes from?

Gregg Deal (GD): I’ve been doing artwork forever, to the detriment of my high school career, I spent a lot of time drawing and a lot of time creating, and I’ve been fortunate enough to come into contact with people who have helped me along in figuring out those things. It’s not just the craft, it’s also the message and the voice that comes out in it. As a Native person, those voices are always there. I would even go so far as to say they’re kind of always there for every Native person in one way or another, and so it becomes trying to figure out the way to manifest that into the work in a way that makes sense, and in a way that’s comprehensive for anybody, and how to enact change in the understanding of Native people in our own homeland.

JC: The mural in Telluride is your piece called Rise. It’s a portrait of a young, Native woman with her eyes looking up to the sky and the word “rise” above her head. What was the process like of creating the piece and how did you come up with the production of it?

GD: Well, first and foremost that’s my oldest daughter. She’s thirteen and for some reason when I use her face, or illustrate her face, she’s older than she looks. There’s also some deliberate use in using a woman in those ways as well. The sort of resurgence and understanding of the importance of Indigenous women in our communities and also the way Indigenous women have traditionally and are still often victimized in ways that are horrific, sexual assault, and there’s a huge issue of missing and murdered Indigenous women in Indian Country right now, and an effort to try to help people understand that that’s a really serious thing that’s happening and affecting our communities. But amidst all that, I wanted to create something that was a little more general, something that anybody could connect with, that is appropriate with the political and social climate of today. Sometimes “rise” could be a political call, but “rise” could also just be something as simple as ‘get up this morning and go do good, do better than you did yesterday, and continue to move forward’. She is Indigenous and there are some aspects of the image that point to that, but they might not be very obvious to other people, and I did that on purpose because I think that it’s incredibly important to sometimes understand that there’s a general message that applies to all these things, that are rooted in Indigeneity, but also can be things that exist amidst other people.

JC: There are people who might not have a lot of experience with Native people, or culture, outside of portrayals that we see in the media. To you, does that change the piece at all, or what your trying to say with it, or the importance of it?

GD: No, not at all. In terms of a white audience, versus an Indigenous audience, the truth is its still Indian land, traditional Indian land, which means that is the homeland of Indigenous People. So, representation and inclusion of Indigenous faces, and Indigenous bodies, and Indigenous issues, it should be, and can be everywhere because it’s something that affects these places. The narrative that has been given to the majority of Americans about our existence is very much rooted in falsehoods, and romanticism, and stereotype and so in my mind to have something that not only is Indigenous, but speaks to modern Indigenous existence, and to put those in plain sight, I think is incredibly powerful.

JC: There’s obviously going to be some people coming through Telluride for the weekend and maybe see the piece once or twice, and then there’s people who live here year round and walk past it almost every day. What do you hope that people get from looking at the piece?

GD: I think it’s a very simple call to action that is ambiguous enough that it can apply to a lot of different things. But I think - just like any piece of art, public art, murals, and even museums that hold art, and galleries that show art - that these become places of reflection and solitude; that there’s a sense of ownership that goes to those things. I hope that folks feel a sense of ownership to that.

JC: Well, Gregg, thank you so much for taking that time to speak with me today about the mural that just went up in Telluride.

GD: Thanks for talking to me.


Gregg Deal’s Rise mural is part of Mountainfilm and will be up for the next year.

Valley Floor Education Day Pairs Learning with the Local Environment

By Julia Caulfield


It’s a cool spring morning with a light breeze. Birds are chirping as ninety kindergartners, 1st, and 2nd graders are piling onto the Valley Floor after walking from the elementary school. The forecasted rain and show are holding off for the moment, but by the end of the morning a wintery mix is pelting down, making the whole experience a notably colder one.

The students are on a field trip for the 2nd annual Valley Floor Education Day. Over the course of about two hours, they rotate through four different stations to learn about different parts of the ecosystem – from pond, to river, to willows, to forest. Surrounded by the sound of the rushing San Miguel River, wind blowing through the trees, and birds singing, the banging of construction equipment is the only real reminder that we’re a just a short walk from town.

“The Valley Floor is our backyard, so that’s where we should be educating kids…” says Sarah Holdbrooke, the Executive Director of the Pinhead Institute.

Valley Floor Education Day is a collaboration between the Pinhead Institute, Sheep Mountain Alliance, and the Telluride Institute’s Watershed Education Program.

Holbrooke says, beyond being in Telluride’s backyard, there are multiple reasons to bring kids onto the Valley Floor.

“I mean number one just exercise, right? ... Secondly, my gosh, what a beautiful valley we have, so even if all they do is enjoy the few wild flowers that are growing now, or see the clouds coming in and enjoy that, or notice the threatening weather about to descend on us, that’ll be a good lesson. But boy, we have amazing scientists who are devoting their time...so hopefully the kids will leave with an understanding of what ducks live on the pond, or what fish live in the river, or what you can do with willow branches, or what it’s like to spend a little mindfulness…out in nature” says Holbrooke.

The focus for Valley Floor Education Day centers around STEM learning – that’s science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. And the stations each bring in different elements of the learning curriculum.

At the pond station students get to investigate the wildlife that lives both above and below the water. They look at birds through a scope, and get up close and personal with insects and other small organisms.

Moving on the river station they get to calculate the speed of the river by counting how long it takes for a stick to make it through the current.

Then on to willows where students learn about the Ute people and miners who lived on the Valley Floor in the past.

Finally, the forest station helps students see the connections between a health forest and a health human.

For some, this is their first time on the Valley Floor, but for 1st grader Cooper Zimmermann? This is not his first trip.

“I live here, so, I’ve probably been here a lot” says Cooper.

Cooper says he likes getting to learn about the trees in the area, and learning how to tell if they’re alive or dead. But when asked what the best part is, he says it’s basically everything.

He says, “exploring all of nature and seeing what types of birds and animals there are, and just pretty much looking around.”

Cooper’s mom, Nancy Zimmermann is also on the trip to the Valley Floor. She says it’s important for young kids to come out and experience the Valley Floor because they’ll be the ones protecting it in the future.

“It’s a big part of what makes Telluride special, is this Valley Floor, and the kids growing up here will eventually be the stewards of the Valley Floor when they’re all grown up, and hopefully keep this in perpetuity and pristine conditions for generations to enjoy”, Zimmermann says.

The importance of building a connection with the land is something Lexi Tuddenham, Executive Director of Sheep Mountain Alliance, acknowledges as well.

“It’s a real way to both enliven their curiosity about science and nature, and also allow them to develop a sense of place, and develop a connection to the place they’re growing up,” says Tuddenham.

The snow and rain keep the second half of the K-2 students from coming out to the Valley Floor for the afternoon, but don’t worry, they’ll get their chance as soon as the weather clears up.

May 9th is Valley Floor Day. This year celebrates the 12th anniversary of the Valley Floor becoming open space.

Bestselling Author to Speak on "Learning From Young People"

Bestselling Author to Speak on "Learning From Young People"


By Cara Pallone

Rosalind Wiseman is an educator and author of the bestselling book, “Queen Bees & Wannabes,” the basis for the movie and Broadway musical, “Mean Girls.” She’s also the founder of Cultures with Dignity, an organization that shifts the way communities think about our physical and emotional well being. She’ll be at the Palm Theater this Thursday, May 9th, speaking about the most important issues facing young people today. Wiseman took a few moments to chat with K-O-T-O’s Cara Pallone in advance of her visit….

Rosalind Wiseman

Rosalind Wiseman

That was Rosalind Wiseman, who is speaking in Telluride this Thursday evening at the Palm Theater. Tri County Health Network is sponsoring the event. The doors open at 5:30 and the event starts at 6 p.m. Wiseman will host a book signing and will be available to meet attendees in the Palm lobby afterward. Refreshments and food will be served at that time. For more information, email info@tchnetwork.org.

Job Fair Attracts Eager Youths

By Julia Caulfield


The Wilkinson Library is buzzing with anticipation, excitement, and maybe a few nerves. True North Youth Programs – along with the library – is hosting the 2nd annual Teen Summer Jobs Fair. Twenty employers from around Telluride and Mountain Village are in the Program Room to meet with nearly fifty young people looking for work for the summer.

“It’s as much of a teen event as a community event. We’re such a small town it’s really important to have everybody on the same page, so having employers who are willing to participate and help these teens realize, this could be their first job, this is a big deal. While helping groom them for bigger and better things after high school or even college,” says Loren Knobbe, program director for True North Youth Program.

The organization works to help teens prepare for adulthood through tutoring and service learning programs.

“Finding those opportunities for both employers and students in our community is really important, and it’s a great way for everybody to come together and help each other out,” says Knobbe.

But the job fair isn’t only an opportunity for teens to meet with potential employers. There are also a number of breakout session that help prepare them for the job hunt. Sessions include things like a resume building workshop, job etiquette, interview tips and tricks, and mock interviews.

Aiden Ingram is 15, and came in from Norwood for the fair. He’s hoping to work as a life guard this summer and says the mock interviews were especially helpful.

Ingram says, “it was giving me more of an insight on what to look for in an interview.”

Maya Geiger agrees. She’s also 15 and came to the job fair last year as well. She says having the extra workshops has been a bonus.

“I feel like this year is more helpful because they have more ways for you to learn how to communicate with people who are interested in hiring you,” says Geiger.

According to Tiffany Osborn, that’s exactly the point. Osborn works as a service specialist at the library and teamed up with True North to develop the job fair after hearing from teens that businesses wouldn’t hire them.

“And then you talk to employers and they say ‘oh, we hire teens, but they need some training’ … I hope they learn how to have a job and advocate for themselves and be a good employee, and be respectful, and learn how to work. We don’t want them to go to college and go, ‘I’ve never had a job before, and this is the first time I’m ever walking into anything’ or get to college and say ‘oh my gosh, my parents said I need to make my own money, what do I do now’? We want them to have some experience, some experience of talking to people, looking people in the eye, speaking…” says Osborn.

And when all those skills line up, Sue Coons, HR Director for the town of Mountain Village, says local teens can be the perfect employees. She’s at the job fair looking for teens to work as gondola attendants for the summer.

Coons says, “gondola attendants from the high school are some of the best candidates we have because they know the area so well and they’re great at providing guest service for all our visitors, home owners, and guests.”

While the summer job fair is over, True North Youth Programs continues to provide weekly college and career prep support at the Telluride High School. More information is available at truenorthyouthprogram.org.

Driver involved in fatal crash faces charges

By Cara Pallone

The driver involved in a fatal crash near Telluride is facing vehicular homicide charges.

Will Moran-Sosa, age 34, of Telluride, was allegedly under the influence when the vehicle he was driving crashed at milepost 68 on Highway 145.

The accident took place at just before 5 p.m. on Monday, April 29. According to Colorado State Patrol, the Chevy Trailblazer was headed eastbound went off the right side of the road, and rolled one time.

Mario Texocotitla

Mario Texocotitla

Moran-Sosa was wearing his seat belt and walked away with minor scratches. The passenger, however, Mario Texocotitla was not restrained and was partially ejected from the vehicle. He was pronounced dead at the scene, despite resuscitation efforts by Telluride EMS.

Mario, who has also been identified by the names Mario Lira and Mario Autencio, was 42 years old.

Colorado State Patrol is investigating the crash. Moran-Sosa also faces charges of DUI and careless driving. He was arrested and taken to San Miguel County Jail, and has since bonded out.

Meanwhile, those who knew Mario are mourning the loss of a man they say enjoyed riding his motorcycle, worked incredibly hard, was always smiling and had a penchant for traditional Mexican dishes such as chilaquiles and homemade mole. He particularly loved Telluride, where he decided to make his home about a decade or so ago.

He worked at a number of restaurants during his time here, including Allred’s, La Marmotte, and Smugglers, where he was presently employed as a grill cook.

Josh Klein, owner, says Mario worked at Smugglers for about the past six years.

“One of the resounding qualities about Mario was that whatever was going on in his personal life, he never brought it to work...”

Coworker Viktoria Navarro says he was well liked by everyone.

“He was a noble person. Authentic...”

Mario, who lived at Shandoka Apartments, was originally from Central Mexico, where his family still lives. He wanted to visit them, but Navarro says his legal status prevented him from doing so. He was in the final process of obtaining his Green Card.

“He was just going through the final steps...”

A friend has started a fundraising page to help get Mario’s remains back to his family in Mexico. Those who would like to contribute can access the page here: https://www.gofundme.com/f/jtauw2-bring-mario-home

New Norwood Library is Complete

By Cara Pallone

The new Lone Cone Library, located at 1455 Pinion Street, will have its soft opening on May 6th and the grand opening is slated for June 8th.

“Our first event is actually Mommy Makeover, and that’s on May 9th, so we’ll open on the 6th and have our first event with 25 little kids and their moms. So that will be fun. But we really want people to get in and see the space.”


That’s the library’s executive director, Carrie Andrew, who led a private tour of the brand new building Thursday, showcasing the highlights, from the light-filled lobby to the spacious multipurpose community room to the individual study rooms, children’s area and colorful modern furniture throughout. There’s even a patio off the back of the library that looks out at its namesake peak and other mountain ranges. A walking trail will be established in the future so that people can do laps around the grounds with their kiddos or just to take a break from computer screens.

The inside of the building is finished, save for a few loose ends, and construction crews are finishing up the final exterior checklist.

As Andrew guides us through the new $4.3 million-dollar, 10,900 square-foot facility, made possible by voters who approved a tax increase back in 2016, we talk about the controversial ballot measure. It passed with more than 100 votes, but drew sharp criticism from opponents.

With the new library now ready to serve patrons, Andrew says she hopes those who had or have doubts will appreciate the space and the many new purposes it can accommodate.

 “Changes can be hard for people. We were all attached to the old building, it has a lot of history and meaning, and I didn’t want to disregard that, but at the same time, it didn’t service the needs of the community or libraries as they’re evolving and becoming now.”

The new Lone Cone Library illustrates that evolving role of libraries and their evolution from a place to check out a book to community centers – hubs where people can go to work and use the internet, bring their children for programs, hold meetings and events, or simply hang out and enjoy the comfy chairs while they read.

“And it’s a neutral place, so everyone can come and hopefully feel comfortable. It’s important to have places where everyone can come and you’re not discriminated against for any reason.”

Among the highlights of the new space is what is being called the community living room. It’s the focal point of the library and boasts a gas fireplace, a seating area with a long flat ottoman and nearby shelves with board games, coffee table books and magazines so that people can gather and play games, read by the fire or work on their laptops.

The children’s area has access to the patio for outdoor summer programs, an arts and crafts section with a concrete floor so messes won’t matter, books organized by age group, and benches with cushions to ensure a cozy story time.

Staff offices are behind the circulation desk. Andrew says she’s hired a couple of people in recent months who will take on various tasks.

One such person is Megan Coxwell, who recently moved to Norwood from Dolores, where she worked at the library there. She’ll be taking on teen and adult summer reading programs, among other responsibilities.

“Dolores got a new library, and they had a very, very small library and they expanded to a beautiful location on the river and a big library. It brought the readership up in town and there were programs for kids and it made a beautiful center for town, too.”

Andrew says the design of the new library was based on a feasibility study that was conducted several years ago. It was a broad study that included interviews with about 70 community members. She says the top request was a pool, which was obviously beyond the scope of the library. But another desire that rose to the top was for a community meeting room that could host events, banquets, trainings, meetings, art shows and receptions.

Hence the 2,000 square foot multipurpose room in the new library, which is roughly the same size as the entire old library space. It has a dividing wall so that the room can be transformed into two rooms and booked individually. It has mounted big-screen TVs on the walls and a projector. It’s where, for example, the board of county commissioners will conduct their Norwood meetings. And if they happen to be addressing a particularly controversial item, there will certainly be enough space to accommodate a big turnout.

There’s also a warming kitchen to allow for a catered event, as well as tables, chairs and place settings for 144 people.

The new library will also have new hours. It will open an hour earlier, from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday, Wednesday, Friday and Saturday. And from 10 a.m. to 7 p.m. Tuesdays and Thursdays. The old library opened at 11. Andrew says she hopes people enjoy the new facility.

 “I just hope people enjoy it as much as we already are. Being in here and working every day, I’m happier every single day. It’s comfortable and welcoming. It feels like there’s a place for everything. It’s fun to have purpose-driven spaces so we can do all the ideas people have, as much as staff capacity allows.”

Again, a soft opening for the Lone Cone Library is May 6th with the grand opening slated for Saturday, June 8th. 

Local Paramedic Discusses Relief Efforts in Africa

By Cara Pallone


Tropical Cyclone Idai was one of the most powerful storms to ever hit Africa. Flooding has affected nearly 3 million people in Mozambique, Malawi, and Zimbabwe since rains began in early March and Idai struck March 14 and 15. The death toll exceeds 800 people and many more are missing.

Now, as flood waters recede, survivors are struggling to obtain food, clean water, shelter, and medical attention.

One local Telluride woman was dispatched to help.

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Heidi Attenberger has served as a paramedic with the Telluride Fire Protection District since 2004, and she’s also a volunteer with Team Rubicon. Team Rubicon is a nonprofit disaster response organization that utilizes the skills and experiences of military veterans and first responders to rapidly deploy emergency response teams.

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Attenberger traveled on a volunteer mission to Africa last month with hardly a day's notice. She returned April 5. In this interview, she talks about her experiences on the front lines, previous disaster relief efforts she's been involved with, and how one person can make a different. 

Learn more about Team Rubicon and its mission by visiting teamrubiconusa.org.

Summer Work Visa Brings Students to Telluride Each Winter

By Julia Caulfield

PC: Zanny Espinoza

PC: Zanny Espinoza

Zanny Espinoza is a smiling 18-year-old. She has dark brown curls, and wears bright red lipstick. She is one of the many young people to come to Telluride for the winter. But unlike many of the people who come from across the country to spend their winter skiing and snowboarding, Espinoza came from her home in Peru on a summer work travel visa.

She’s a sociology student at Pontifical Catholic University of Peru, a private university in her hometown of Lima, Peru’s capital. In many ways, Lima couldn’t be more different from Telluride.

“Lima is a mix of a lot of things. First, you know South America was conquered by the Spaniards, so we speak Spanish. We have a lot of Spanish influence. Then, people from different parts of Peru started migrating, so it’s a very big city; ten million people in a very small place, and it’s a mix of tradition and a mix of other cultures…and the food, it’s so amazing in my country,” says Espinoza.

So how did she end up in Telluride?

Espinoza is here on a J1 Visa. The visa allows her to work and travel in the U.S. during her summer vacation—Peru’s summer is Colorado’s winter.

She worked with an agency in Peru, and another in U.S. that helps to connect students with employer sponsors. Espinoza is one of ten J1 Visa holders to get a job at Clark’s Market in Telluride for the winter season.

Mike Jackman, manager at Clark’s Market, says Clark’s has been a J1 Visa employment sponsor for about a decade. In that time, the Market has employed J1 Visa holders from Brazil, the Dominican Republic, Argentina, Peru, and China. He says the program is a great way to increase staff during the busy season.

“The resort location and the seasonal nature of a business in Telluride – of course South American countries it’s their summer, so a lot of the students are off for their summer semester – and they come and work here for exactly the three months we need them the most,” says Jackman.

Students with J1 Visas are often placed in resort towns, or areas with a lot of seasonal work.

Originally Espinoza was hoping to work at the Clark’s Market in Aspen. But the all the positions there were full, so she ended up in Telluride. In the end she said she’s happy she came here.

“I really like the mountain, it’s so beautiful,” she says. “Once I went to San Sophia station, the first station on the Gondola, and the views were breathtaking. I was really in love with that.”

She’s met a lot of great people, and she’s enjoyed her work, but that doesn’t mean everything’s been easy. According to the State Department website, one of the ideas behind the J1 Visa is for students to be able to travel. But because Telluride is isolated, and expensive, Espinoza says she hasn’t been able to see as much of the country as she would like.

One of Espinoza’s big goals was to see the Grand Canyon, but that doesn’t look like it’s going to happen.

“I wanted to go to Vegas and take a trip from there, but it’s very expensive, so I’m not sure,” she adds. 

She says it’s frustrating, almost like she was promised something she didn’t get.

Despite all that, Espinoza says being in Telluride has been a good experience.

“I feel so independent now. In my country I have three brothers – they are younger than me – my mom and dad. And also with my, you know, South America we live with cousins, we live with all the people; like twenty people in one house, it’s like that. So, I live with a lot of people. And here I’m just living on my own, or with my friends. And also, I think that my parents trust me more because they know that I can do this, I can live alone here. I feel really good. I feel like I’m a bit more mature now,” says Espinoza.

Espinoza says she’s interested in participating in another work travel visa program in the future, maybe to Australia.

In March, Espinoza will head back to Peru. But before too long, a new group of students from China will be at Clark’s Market in Telluride for the summer to work and explore through the J1 Visa program.